Appendicitis is a 3 1/2-inch-long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine, simply in words an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis almost always requires a prompt surgery to remove the appendix. If untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually sport, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity. This will cause a serious inflammation of the abdominal cavity's lining called as peritonitis, which can be fatal.
The major cause for appendicitis is when the appendix becomes blocked, often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. The appendix can swell from any infection in the body.
- The first warning of the appendix will be a dismal pain in the upper abdomen that increases as it moves to the lower right abdomen.
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Abdominal swelling
- Fever of 99-102 degrees Fahrenheit
- Severe cramps
- Constipation or diarrhea with gas
Appendectomy is the standard treatment for almost all cases of appendicitis. It can be done either as an open surgery or laparoscopic. Laparoscopic Surgery is done by making small incisions in the abdomen and inserting small camera and tools for surgery.
Antibiotics are given before an appendectomy to fight possible peritonitis. General anesthesia is usually given, and the appendix is removed laparoscopically. The abdomen is also irrigated and drained of pus when you have peritonitis.
- Less post-operative pain
- Faster recovery and return to normal activity
- Shorter hospital stay
- Less post-operative complications
- Minimally sized incisions/scars
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